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tv   ABC World News With Diane Sawyer  ABC  October 22, 2010 5:30pm-6:00pm EST

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tonight tonight on "world news," the brazen exposure. a new leak of secret war documents, 400,000 of them. what wikileaks has revealed this time. epidemic. a big new warning about america's health. diabetes, ready to crush the health care system. how to take action now. emergency. the worst fears in haiti. a deadly cholera outbreak. could it come here? expectations. big name democrats openly talk about worries for election day. and, earth mother. a half century of looking at our closest cousins and telling us about ourselves. she's our "person of the week."
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good evening. three months after a group called wikileaks exposed secret documents on the afternoon began stan war, the group is back again. and tonight, the biggest leak of pentagon documents in history. 400,000 documents about the u.s. and the war in iraq. arab television has already trumpeted the revelations, and our martha raddatz has been looking at what the latest documents say. she's with us now. >> reporter: diane, the massive amount of once secret field reports reveal startling detail about civilian deaths, torture of detainees at the hands of the iraqis and deadly u.s. helicopter assaults on insurgents trying to surrender. the classified reports put the iraqi civilian death toll far higher than the u.s. has acknowledged before, at more than 100,000 from 2004 to 2009.
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15,000 more than the u.s. has reported. many deaths were at the hands of the iraqis. but the documents show the u.s. military was responsible for many more than previously thought. including 681 civilians who were killed at check points during the war. and there is graphic detail about torture of detainees by the iraqi military with prisoners being shackled, blindfolded, kicked and punched. the report says the u.s. military would sometimes turn a blind eye. the secret documents contain at least four cases of lethal shootings from helicopters. one, in february 2007, says that an apache helicopter pilot asked what to do about two iraqi men believed to have been firing mortars who are trying to surrender. word comes back, "they cannot surrender to aircraft and are still valid targets." the helicopter then shot and killed the men. arab-based news organizations
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are already playing up the reports. >> torture, claims of murder at checkpoints. >> reporter: the arab stations are reporting 285,000 dead and wounded. >> i don't know the numbers. i'm not going to speak to the specifics of classified information. >> reporter: it is this soldier, 23-year-old former army intelligence officer brad manning, who the pentagon believes is the source of the leaked documents. he is now in a military detention facility in virginia. and there is a reference to the american hikers now held in iran. the u.s. military reports say the hikers were picked up on the iraqi side of the border, and also, that iran had been providing help to iraqi shiite insurgents throughout the war, diane. >> i know there's a lot of outrage about this again tonight. but tell me, anything more about prosecuting the wikileaks group? >> well, the held of wikileaks said this afternoon that he said the fbi has actually interviewed people and there might be
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espionage charges against him. >> might be. okay, martha raddatz reporting tonight. and, on another topic, our health, we all got a blunt wakeup call today about an epidemic spy ramming out of control in america. diabetes. the centers for disease control announced that at the current rate, 1 out of every 3 adults in this country will have diabetes by the year 2050. and that's just 40 years from now. it an epidemic that can cause early death and the treatment could bankrupt the public health care system. but they warn it can be headed off, and here's dr. richard besser. >> reporter: the projection is startling. four decades from now, you'll walk down the street, and 1 out of 3 people in the crowds whether have diabetes. >> this is disturbing. number one cause of blindness, kidney failure. >> reporter: why? aging baby boomers, a more diverse population, but most importantly, an obesity epidemic
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in full force. >> it is not inevitable. we have to change the course. we cannot fail at this. >> reporter: one large study showed that just moderate exercise and healthy eating reduced the risk of diabetes by 58%. i repeat. 58%. >> what kind of diabetes? >> reporter: in raleigh, north carolina, one program has been credited with preventing hundreds of cases of diabetes. >> i personally don't have diabetes, but i basically make sure that he takes care of himself by what he eats. >> reporter: tonyett butler joined this group to try to control her weight and prevent diabetes. she and her husband now go on walks every day. >> i can educate the rest of my family. >> reporter: diabetics also learn how to read labels, control portion size and count carbs. because remember, white bread and pasta quickly turn to sugar in your body. the problem? many insurance companies don't
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cover prevention problems like the one in raleigh. surprising, since already diabetes cost the health care system $174 billion a year for treatment. that number is expected to at least double, according to the new report. >> it will take, first and fore most, people taking diabetes seriously. and understanding that we can make a difference. but we have to start now. >> reporter: already, 24 million americans have diabetes, a quarter of them don't even know it. the key here is prevention. and the earlier you start, the better. today, 1 in 3 children are obese or overweight and those are america's future diabetics. it starts in the school and has to be followed through at home with proper diet and exercise. >> this is the equivalent of a four-alarm fire, and the alarm is being sounded tonight. but rich, i want to ask you about another story in the headlines tonight. an outbreak of cholera in haiti, just 600 miles away from the united states. tell us more about how fast it is spreading.
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>> reporter: that's right, diane. picture this, hospitals in haiti with patiences being brought in here death. it's chaos at the hospitals. 150 deaths. 1500 cases and the numbers are climbing. here's where it is taking place. if you look here on the western side of haiti, in the town of saint marc. we've been hearing today about additional cases in four towns closer to port-au-prince, and four suspect cases in the town of port-au-prince. >> yes, and everybody feared this after that big earthquake. but tell me about cholera itself, how do you know you have it and how fatal is it and for whom? >> reporter: it's an infection that's caused by a bacteria. the primary symptoms are vomiting and diarrhea. 75% of people who have cholera will have no symptoms. they'll be fine with this. 20% will have symptoms, but relatively mind. it's the 5% with severe symptoms that we worry about.
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take a look at this patient. this is a patient with severe dehydration. these are the patients who can die from cholera. you see the sunken eyes and cheeks. >> a quick question. 600 miles from the united states. if somebody flims on a plane, comes here, does it start an 'em devic here? >> reporter: it isn't. here, we have clean water and food, and adequate sanitation. it won't spread. >> it doesn't go person to person that way? >> reporter: it doesn't. >> okay, our thanks to dr. richard besser tonight. and onto politics, president obama spending a third straight day on the campaign trail, promising to fight for more jobs in this season of 9.6% unemployment. as you know, so many democratic races are close close or on the. and more than 4 million early votes have already been cast. so, jake tapper caught up with some of the democratic superstars on the trail to ask
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how they see the feature tonight. >> reporter: the president in los angeles today stumped for a senator in this deep blue state who six years ago won with almost 60% of the vote. but today, barbara boxer is locked in a dead heat. >> yes wie can. >> reporter: tonight, in nevada, the president will try to raise money and excitement for harry reid. but one thing the president is not raising is expectations. >> this is going to be a difficult election. >> reporter: the returns are not even in yet, and democrats are looking for explantations as to why things have gone so wrong. were they hindered from explaining their accomplishments? >> we were in such emergency mode that it was very difficult for us to spend a lot of time doing victory laps and advertising, exactly, what we were doing. >> reporter: some democrats say it wasn't they didn't have the time to tout their accomplishments, it's that they didn't have the guts.
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>> i think we've been too scared about talking about health care. >> reporter: pennsylvania governor ed rendell sails republicans won the spin war on key democratic legislation and democrats just gave up. >> we've been just cowering behind the shower curtains hoping this would go away. >> reporter: did democratic politicians, as senator evan bayh maintains, focus too much on the liberal base at the expense of independents? >> before we broke for the election, the congressional democrats' closing message was, what about to do about fwais in the military. that's just not going to resonate. >> reporter: for the first time, the vice president is allowing for the possibility that the democrats will lose the house. he claims that outside spending by third party groups. >> i have never seen this before, so the only caveat i would put in terms of the house is, how much impact is $200 billion going to be? >> reporter: it might feel like $200 billion, diane, but the vice president meant to say $200 million. one other theorys 30 s posed by
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president obama, is, quote, part of the reason why the politics seem so tough right now is because we're hard-wired not to always think clearly when we're scared. and the kunl try is scared, and they have good reason to be. diane? >> all right, jake. as you well know, there's a race in massachusetts that says a lot about this season. massachusetts traditionally the bluest of the blue states and a democratic headliner is in a fight for his life. after 30 years in the house, congressman barney frank is facing a close race for the first time in decades. john berman went to see him. >> reporter: congressman barney frank, who has raised his voice for liberal causes for 30 years, today, talking to us, had next to no voice. >> it has been democratic policies that have begun the improvements. >> reporter: because barney frank has had to use his voice doing something he has barely had to do for 30 years.
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campaign. this is easy the toughest race he's faced in decades. the powerful house chairman feeling the effects of voter discontent. >> it's a lot of anxiety and he has become a symbol for a lot of them as part of the problem. >> reporter: the massachusetts democrat has had to dip into his retirement savings to help fund his race. does it sting having to loan yourself $200,000? >> i decided i was not going to let the tea party and the right wing win. >> reporter: his opponent is a previously unknown 35-year-old ex-marine named sean bielat. >> the climate is certainly in our favor. we have got momentum. the money is coming in. >> reporter: he's been able to outraise frank this month, thanks to help from national conservatives. people like glenn beck have bashed frank for years. >> what's wrong with you, massachusetts? >> reporter: bielat is using the money to post mocking web videos like this. so you think you have a target
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on your back? >> oh, i know i do. >> reporter: frank thinks his response should be a model for other democrats. the latest poll here spokes he still has a 12-point lead. would like very much for the democrats to fight back. >> reporter: frank is fighting with his value lwallet, so he h chance to keep his voice in washington. john berman, abc news, massachusetts. and still ahead on "world news," they are romming out those airport scanning machines in the busiest air space in the country, and there's a rebellion among pilots and passengers. how dr. richard besser doing this saved one viewer's father's life. and, the woman who revolutionized how we see ourselves. our "person of the week." ♪
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those those powerful airport scanners that leave so little to the imagination are being deployed, expanding tonight into the busiest air space in the country the great airports of the northeast. and, they are sparking a rebellion, as sharyn alfonsi reports. >> reporter: travelers are used to giving up their shoes when they pass through airport check points. but now, they may be asked to surrender something else. their modesty. the transportation security administration is now rolling out high tech body scanners around the country. today, they started using them in new york. the scanners give screeners the ability to see beneath a passenger's clothing while they search for weapons. but some critics say it's a virtual strip search. michael roberts is a pilot with express jet airlines. he was headed to work last friday when he was chosen to go through one of the new scanners. he refused. and rep fused to have a full
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body patdown instead. the tsa would not let him fly. roberts appeared exclusively this morning on "good morning america." >> fourth amendment. it's there for a reason. and it's not dispensable. >> reporter: but the tsa says they are privacy filters, so, this is all that a screener sees. they issued a statement, saying, crew members have access to sensitive areas of airports and airplanes, making crew members subject to multiple layers of security. anyone who refuses simply cannot be allowed to fly. >> i agree that security is not an option. security is the absolutely necessary in the that we live in. but it doesn't require stripping our rights away from us. >> reporter: already, more than 300 scanners are being used at 65 airports across the country. and they plan to have more than 500 in place by the end of the year. critics have raised concerns, not just about the privacy, but
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the radiation risk from the x-ray. but industry officials say they are safe. >> it's 100% safe for pregnant women, the elderly, small children, my own children have gone through this. >> reporter: still, michael roberts says he will not allow the tsa to scan him. the pie lot has thousand been grounded, and may be forced to undergo a different kind of search. for a new job. sharyn alfonsi, abc news, new york. and coming up, how this son saved his father's life because of something he saw right here on "world news." [ advisor 1 ] what do you see yourself doing one week,
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we want to share you with an e-mail that sure made our day. it began, my husband suffered a massive heart attack and my son saved his life. well, it turns out roy , celebrating his birthday on the golf course, collapsed. his son remembered dr. richard besser performing cpr on air, chest compressions to the song "staying alive." and he did not stop until the ambulance arrived. roy had a bypass, he's home now and on the mend, and rich besser is back to do it again. remind us, where do you push? >> reporter: so easy. halfway between your naval and your nose. the center of the chest. your hands locked together there. you want to do it 100 beats per minute. you can't do it too hard and if you remember "staying alive." >> one, two, three, four. and you said to me, too fast is
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better than too slow. >> reporter: people err on too slow and not hard enough. you want to go the other way. >> hard enough is okay. all right, thank you, rich besser this was a great e-mail, wasn't it? and coming up, the woman who changed the world by what she and coming up, the woman who changed the world by what she saw. blood glucose tes sure, i'll try it, but -- [ beep ] wow. [ man ] yeah, that's the patented freestyle zipwik™ design. [ man #1 ] it's like it -- targets the blood. targets the blood. yeah, it draws it right in. the test starts fast. you need just a third the blood of onetouch®. okay. freestyle test strips. i'll take 'em. [ man #2 ] sure. call or click -- we'll send you strips and a meter, free. can't i just have these? [ man #2 ] freestyle lite test strips. call or click today. i don't always let the worry my pipes might leak compromise what i like to do. i take care with vesicare, because i have better places to visit than just the bathroom. ( announcer ) once-daily vesicare can help control your bladder muscle, and is proven to treat overactive bladder
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and now, our "person of the week." we noticed in the latest "national geographic" a golden anniversary for the adventurous jane goodall and her chimpanzees together. and by the way, we learned from her, she loved animals from her first encounter with earthworms. >> my mother tells this story of coming up to my room when i was 1 1/2 years old. she'd found i'd taken a whole handful of earthworms to bed with me. and instead of getting mad, she said very quietly, "they'll die if you leave them here, they need dirt." together we took them back into the garden. >> reporter: and those earthworms were the beginning of a child's distant dream. as she grew, there was no money for a college education, so, at her mother's suggestion, jane goodall took a secretarial course. and got a job with a man named louis leakey, the most famous paleontologist of his day. and he decided to send his quiet
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but intuitive assistant on a mission to tanzania. a mission of patience. >> it was a crazy idea, most people thought. this young girl, no degree, out in a potentially dangerous situation. but, in the end, the said, "all right, but she must have a companion." so, who volunteered to come? my same amazing mother. >> reporter: and there they were, 1960, gombe stream national park. john goodall climbs up and approaching the lair of the chimpanzees. it was not mutual love at first sight. >> my first encounters with the chimpanzees were disastrous because they ran away. they took one look at this white ape that had arrived and they would flee. >> reporter: for one month and a half, she would spend the day just sitting from 6:00 in the morning until dusk at night, quietly. until finally, an older male, jane called him david greybeard,
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decided to move a little closer. and then closer still, to the "white ape." after that encounter, the others inched to her, too, and so, for two and a half decades, she watched the chimpanzees, kissing, embracing, pafting each other on the back. supportive bonds between mothers and their babies. and something else she saw was going to rock the scientific world. she witnessed her new friend, david greybeard, stripping the leaves after a twig and using it as a tool to catch termites. >> at that time, we were defined as the only tool-making creature on the planet. >> reporter: she sent a telegram to louis lieakey who sent back response. accept chimpanzees as man, by deanything, or else, redefine man. >> we differ only 1% in dna. you can get a blood transfusion
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if you watch the blood group. the similarity in the brain. and obviously that similarity of brain structure is going to mean similarity in intellectual performance. >> reporter: and at 76, jane goodall is still discovering and teaching the lessons that build that quiet bridge between man and our closest relative on earth. >> it teaches us so clear lly tt we are not separate from the rest of the animal kingdom, but part of it. >> and so we choose jane goodall, who is still crisscrossing the globe, and never spending more unanimous three weeks in one place, looking, of course, to open human eyes. we hope you have a great weekend. we'll see you here on monday. christiane amanpour on sunday. until then, good night.
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